Well Drilling Fundamentals: Components Of Site Selection And Water Safety

If you've decided that it's time to install a well on your property, the first stage of the process is determining where that well will go. This process is one that must be approached with caution because the right location is essential to the safety of your water. Here's a look at some of the things that you need to think about as you select the location of your well.

Choose An Elevated Location 

Whenever possible, your well should be drilled on elevated land and flow downhill to your home. This is essential because low-lying wells are more vulnerable to flooding and contamination in the event of severe weather. Remember that any runoff that reaches your well could be contaminated by surface exposures such as fertilizer, pesticides, and more. That's why it's important to install your well in a higher location when possible so that flooding risks remain below it.

Know Which Way The Water Flows

You'll have to talk with your water well drilling contractor about the groundwater flow. Before you drill a well, you need to know the direction of the water flow on your property so that you can position your well above any potential contaminants. For example, if you have livestock barns, fields, or a septic system, you want your well to be above those things in the water flow so that water reaches the well before it reaches those areas. This prevents contamination spread from the barns and fields into your well water.

Test Your Soil Composition

You should also have your well drilling contractor test the soil composition so that you know what's under there. Areas with sandy soil usually have water closer to the surface, but areas with rock often have better flow even though the water is further down. When you know the composition of what's below the surface, you can more effectively determine how deep your well will have to be for you to have consistent, reliable water flow.

Consider A Water Test

You may also want to talk with your well drilling contractor about testing your groundwater before you commit to using the well. Make sure that your groundwater is free of hazardous compounds and chemicals, and that it's safe to drink. Sometimes, your well may just need to be treated with a sterilization product, but it's important to know your water's condition from the start. That way, you can monitor it through the life of the well and more easily spot any changing trends.

These are just a few of the things to think about if you're going to be drilling a well on your property. Talk with your well drilling contractor today for more information.